- Approximately 8.4 million inhabitants, which corresponds to a population density of 100 persons per square kilometer
- Expenditure on health 2008: EUR 7.16 billion (3 % of the gross domestic product)
- The costs caused directly by mental and behavioral disorders amounted to EUR 2.46 billion.
Psychotherapy in the health care system
- Psychotherapy is defined as a form of treatment for mental and behavioral disorders classified by the International Classification of Diseases.
- Psychotherapeutic healthcare is fully financed by the statutory social insurance systems, covering the full range of inpatient care (hospitals, clinics) and semi-inpatient care (day centers).
- Outpatient care: The regulation of funding in psychotherapy is different in every federal state. The statuary social insurance is required by law to subsidize every counseling session with at least € 21.80. In some federal states, patients can also claim fully subsidized sessions. However, these sessions are limited and are therefore only awarded if available ("first come, first save" basis).
- 21 different well defined psychotherapeutic approaches are legally approved.
- The profession 'Psychotherapist' is regulated by law. Qualification includes a mainly theoretical and smaller practical part ("Propädeutikum") with a minimum of 765 hours and a school-specific practical and theoretical part ("Fachspezifikum") with a minimum of 550 hours in an approved psychotherapeutic approach.
Psychotherapy for Depression
- There is no special regulation or condition in the treatment of depression.
Desirable Changes to Health Policy
- The density of psychotherapeutic care differs across Austria. Most of psychotherapists work in Vienna or in bigger cities. All over Austria 7.78 psychotherapists cover 10.000 Inhabitants.
Mag. Patricia Göttersdorfer, Clinical- and Health Psychologist, Psychotherapist, Berufsverband österreichischer Psychologen (BÖP)
The text above is an excerpt from the paper "Psychotherapy in Europe – Disease Management Strategies for Depression. National Concepts of Psychotherapeutic Care".
You can download the paper here.